As a researcher I have always been fascinated with the idea of technology when it came it to neuroscience. The human brain has been one of the most beautiful creations responsible for almost everything in a human body. The first official research that I was exposed to, was a study about neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. When I was trying to understand the pathophysiology of these diseases, one thing was very evident – they weren’t curable. The best an individual could get, was a few more years with DBS or Deep Brain Stimulation and few of the FDA approved drugs. Today, neurotechnology has given a wider aspect of diagnosing these diseases and a promising future to cure such diseases. Neurotechnology has incepted so many cutting-edge technologies including BCIs ( Brain Computer Interfaces), Neuroprosthetics, neural implants. All these products have definitely ensured that the individual suffering from a specific neuro-ailment gets a hope towards life. This article explores the latest happenings in the Neurotechnology world today.
The most recent study came out in the beginning of October this year stating the DBS technique has been improved which has shown promising results for Parkinson’s. The technology behind this improvement has resulted in more precise DBS resulting in therapeutic effects that are outwitting what is currently available to the common man. DBS allows researchers and doctors to use thin electrodes implanted in the brain to send electrical signals to the part of the brain that controls movement. It is a proven way to help control unwanted movement in the body, but patients must receive continuous electrical stimulation to get relief from their symptoms. If the stimulator is turned off, the symptoms return immediately [Reference] The new technology advancements like these have opened a completely different horizon to view and analyse the human brain in comparison to the existing features.
The BCI market has already exploded in the last 5 years and continuing to make pseudoscientific concepts a reality with the help of technology. Back in 2018, my thesis was around the study of safety and privacy of the information being transmitted between these devices and our smartphones [Reference]. Today, in 2021, BCI has also shown promise as a technology to enable a user to move a prosthesis simply by neural commands. Tapping into the basic BCI concept would make smart phones smarter than ever. Research has zeroed in on retrofitting wireless earbuds to detect neural signals. The data would then be transmitted to a smartphone via Bluetooth. Software at the smartphone end would translate different brain wave patterns into commands. The emerging technology is called Ear EEG. [Reference]
Now, a team of researchers have taken a key step toward a new concept for a future BCI system — one that employs a coordinated network of independent, wireless microscale neural sensors, each about the size of a grain of salt, to record and stimulate brain activity. The sensors, dubbed “neurograins,” independently record the electrical pulses made by firing neurons and send the signals wirelessly to a central hub, which coordinates and processes the signals. With some many advancements and technological applications, there is a need to ensure that these products are safe to use in terms of security. Though there is a ISO manual for medical devices, these devices still lack security in terms of information stored, received or transmitted between the smartphone and the device. The need and the essence of S-SDLC and Cybersecurity for medical devices needs to be considered imperative and will definitely the deciding factor behind the longevity of these medical devices.
Article by The Art of Cyber-Space
I am a security professional specializing in network security. With vivid experience in different industries, I am looking to explore the current cyberspace and discuss the ideology of certain ideas from a different perspective